3-7 September 2018
Audimax | Kiel University
Europe/Berlin timezone

Intra-seasonal variability of the eastern boundary circulation off Peru and biogeochemical consequence

5 Sep 2018, 14:45
Audimax-Hörsaal-D (Kiel University)


Kiel University

Oral 05 Major Upwelling Systems 05 Major Upwelling Systems


Jan Lüdke (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel)


Dissolved oxygen (O$_2$) and nutrient concentrations at the continental margin of the eastern tropical south Pacific (ETSP) exhibit elevated intra-seasonal, seasonal and inter-annual variability. Here, we discuss the impact of remotely forced and locally generated intra-seasonal variability of the eastern boundary circulation at 12°S. Data from a multi-cruise physical and biogeochemical measurement program conducted during the declining phase of the 2017 Coastal El Niño event between April and June (austral autumn) are used.
Upper ocean temperatures were anomalously high and during the latter cruises the oxycline was displaced downward compared with previous observations in austral summer 2008/09 and 2012/13. We observed the offshore propagation of a freshly generated eddy and an associated phase of weak poleward flow. After the reestablishing of the poleward Peru-Chile Undercurrent (PCUC) the passage of a remotely-generated downwelling coastal trapped wave (CTW) causes an intensification of poleward velocities exceeding 50 cm s$^{-1}$. Warm temperature anomalies persisted during the intensified PCUC while sea surface temperature anomalies declined after the peak of the Coastal El Niño event. During the period of PCUC acceleration, nitrate concentrations increased while the nitrogen deficit became reduced. This suggests the advection of water less affected by anoxic biogeochemistry whereas during the period of weak poleward flow the water was biogeochemically altered more. The upper boundary of anoxic water was displaced downward increasing the depth range where bottom waters were ventilated while nitrite was depleted concurrently.
We will analyze the different response of temperature, nutrients, and O2 to the varying circulation and discuss the implications for the biogeochemical element cycling in the water column and the sediments.

Email Address jluedke@geomar.de
Position PhD Candidate
Are you a SFB 754 / Future Ocean member? Yes
Affiliation GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel

Primary author

Jan Lüdke (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel)


David Clemens (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel) Dr Marcus Dengler (GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre Ocean Research Kiel) Dr Gerd Krahmann (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel) Dr Sunke Schmidtko (GEOMAR) Stefan Sommer (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany) Dr Sören Thomsen (LOCEAN-IPSL) Prof. Martin Visbeck (Geomar)

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